This page was designed to help members setup their streams.
  Choose from any of our tutorials listed in the index below.
  I remind you that many of these totorials may be out of date for your setup.
 PORT FORWARD A basic understanding of what must take place in your router.
 DDNS functions using ChcngeIP (PDF) A PDF reference file, requires Acrobat Reader.
 WEBCAM XP Stream Page Setup A simple way to personalize your stream.
 DDNS SETUP TUTORIAL Go to You will be taken to a FREE DNS exchange website. (create an account - step 1)
 DDNS SETUP TUTORIAL Go to You have an account, now setup a new DDNS. (create the DNS - step 2)
 DDNS SETUP TUTORIAL Go to You must configure the DDNS settings. (must be a registered user - step 3)
 Web Cam For Dummies:
   I hope this small but significant lecture gets your head into the game...
It seems as though the smarter the devices around us become, the dumber we incline to be. It is like using a "smart toaster", you know the fancy ones designed to "brown" your toast exactly the same everytime!!! Can anyone of you tell me how this happens?? No, I am serious, email me if you understand how these "smart toasters" operate.
  The "smart devices" are turning us into "dumb shits". No, I am not going to take my hands off the steering wheel just because the manufacturer tells me I can!! I am not going to "dummy down, or up" to anything I don't understand.
   Let me attempt to give you a basic understanding of Web Cam operation, with an addendum and glossary.
The WEBCAM experiance:
   First thing you should know...the difference between a commercial stream website and a home generated Web Cam application is like comparing an apple with a bunch of lemons. There can not be any comparison. So let us get that out of your mind. You are going to be the master of your domain...literally. If you take your clothes off in front of your camera, and it is broadcasting, it is going to be "your ass" that is hanging out. No one is going to censor anything you do. That my friend is real freedom. You are in control. No one is going to "bleep out" anything and that is a good thing.
   The commercial web stream will not only censor your content, but it will examine all material from your stream. Commercial web stream servers have the right to shut you down. They also have the right to "pop up" advertising and place it with your stream. Even if you do not like, use or endorse the product, your face could be easily captured along side an ad for "Joes Bail Bonds" or "Donna's Dildos and Sex Toys". It has happenned, even on
   None the less, even the commercial applications require you to have the Web Cam and a
Global IP (or DDNS). SO why give this to any commercial server?? You can own your own Domain Name for less than 10 bucks a year. You can use a DDNS to carry the stream on your call sign .com domain. Anyone can see your stream at " (or .net) : my local port" That is all you need for the host. You need a place to call "home". That is where IPchange or NameCheap comes in handy. These NAME HOST services offer you the freedom to place your Web Cam on-line and in control of you, for yourself!!
   That is where CAM RADIO comes in for you. We are a non-commercial service that offers a dedicated program where hundreds of Ham Radio Operators meet and stream their video live from their QTH. We do not stream AUDIO, after all this is radio and that is how we communicate. If you join us, you get the use of the Cam Radio Info program and we give you a link for your direct stream and an email address for private use. This is all we basically do. We supply you with stream information and a little technical support, but beyond that you are on your own.
   You must understand what the Web Cam is and is not. First is not like any "composite video device". You will be required to add an expensive video card to your computer if you want to use an analog video camera. The Web Cam is a CCD element camera that snaps digital video frames and broadcasts the image via an
HTTP broadcast over the Internet.
   Once you have installed the camera and the drivers for the camera, you are ready to select a CAMERA
BROADCAST SOFTWARE. There are several of them out on the Internet, however we endorse Webcam XP for our Cam radio Members. This program is perfect for most novices and there is a "free version" as well as a Professional Version available. When you finally have your camera displayed in the software of your choice, you will need to prepare the computer for the stream.
   Step One: You must setup a "local IP address" on the computer that will deliver the stream content. The Local Ip is required. This
dedicated IP address insures that the broadcast computer is properly configured to the router. If there is more than one computer, the group is considered a LAN (locak area network). The LAN requires a switch to connect all devices together in the LOCAL NETWORK. In this case, you should give each computer a "local Ip address". The suggested IP address is This is well above the DHCP list and offers you a  lot of room for any other addresses you might use. See the tutorial on this website.
Step Two: You need to know your ROUTER settings. This requires you to use your
COMMAND LINE INTERFACE (CLI). You will use the WINKEY on your keyboard plus "R" key to open the RUN DIALOG BOX. This is where you type "cmd" and "enter". The CLI window will appear and the cursor will be "blinking" next to the C:\ (prompt). Now type "ipconfig" (no quotes) and hit "Enter". The CLI will return the base set of IP information for your ROUTER.A portion of what you see should look similar to this...
Step Three: Log onto your DEFAULT GATEWAY (the ROUTER) and prepare to FORWARD the TCP/UDP STREAM and SELECT THE STREAM PORT. This means that you need open your Internet Browser and in the address bar, type the DEFAULT GATEWAY number as displayed by Ipconfig.

Glossary (no alphabetic order)
GLOBAL IP: The IP address that is open to the Internet. This address is supplied by your Internet Service Provider (ISP). You can ask for a dedicated Global address, however they can be expensive and in many cases are not available to home system users.
DDNS: This is the Dynamic Domain Name System. Often referred to as the "Host Name". This offers a "dynamic name" to an already established host name. The best way to understand this is, the HOST NAME is "" This is a registered "domain name" like This name uses the "dot NET" extension. There are several others, "dot US", "dot ORG" and of course "dot COM". The over-all dynamic address is your "call sign" placed in front of the HOST NAME. It would look like this "". The "dot" is required to seperate your HOST NAME with the "domain address". the result is your DDNS.
DNS: The DNS (see DDNS) is a hierarchical naming system for connections to the Internet. Every DNS comes with a "domain name" and a Global IP server which directs the traffic to a webpage, file transfer system or email server that is connected to the Internet. The "domain name" shares a GLOBAL IP at the Domain Name Server ("global IP").
HTTP Broadcast: This is the Hyper Text Transfer Protocol for data exchange over the Internet. The "web broadcast" is the HTTP media in which your camera stream is delivered to the Internet. The "Internet Browser" interprets this information and displays it on your monitor. The Web Cam image is a digital data packet.
BROADCAST SOFTWARE: This is the software that opens the LOCAL PORT on your ROUTER and interfaces your LOCAL IP with the GLOBAL IP. The LOCAL is on your side of the ROUTER and the GLOBAL is on the "World Wide Web" side of the ROUTER (cyber space). The program must open the LOCAL ROUTER PORT and properly broadcast TCP/UDP protocal information to the Internet via your MODEM and your ISP GLOBAL IP connection.
This procedure is known as "forwarding the port". (see below)
DEDICATED IP: The local or global IP address that is dedicated to one specific device and does not change (see DHCP).
ROUTER: The router is an electronic device that joins multiple computer DOMAIN networks together. Your router may be a single device stand-alone, or it may be intergated into a combination modem/router. In both cases, the ROUTER stands between the MODEM and your side of the LAN, including your computer. This is not at all like a switch!!
SWITCH: The switch is an electronic device that joins or connects multiple computer devices together. You use a SWITCH to communicate between NON-DOMAIN computers in a workgroup. It is not a router!!
MODEM: The Modulator - Demodulator device that connects an analog cable or telephone system to a digital network (Internet). The ROUTER is the interface between your LAN and the MODEM.
LAN: Local Area Network. A set number of in-house devices that communicate together, These devices may or may not connect to the Internet. A Local Area Network does not require a server. Devices on a LAN do not require a ROUTER, they can be connected via one or more DATA SWITCH device. The simple LAN consists of two computers connected though a single CAT5 cable.
Note that connecting two WIFI computers together requires a WIRELESS ROUTER.
LOCAL IP ADDRESS: The local IP is a set of numbers ( This is an IPV4 version. There are 4 sets of numbers 0-255. The 192.168 pair is dedicated to LOCAL DEVICES. The last two pairs are used for setting up networks and network preipherals. The local device range is 0-255 and that set is the last PAIR in the set of IPV4. The normal "last set" range is 100-255, therefore a good LOCAL IP ADDRESS would be You must be sure that this address is applied to only one computer or peripheral. You can use any number between 100 and 255. The numbers 99 and below are usually used for DHCP devices which generate their own local IP.
SUBNET MASK: The local SUBNET will always be The subnet is a "dividing" mask that allows a network to be divided and sub-divided far below the LOCAL IP.
WIN KEY: The keyboard shortcut. WINKEY + R will open the command prompt run dialogue box. The WIN KEY LIST.
CLI: The "command line interface" or "command prompt". This is where you talk directly to the operating system kernel.
RUN DIALOG BOX: The small dialogue that allows you to execute (RUN) programs or enter the CLI (see above). Also see: WIN KEY and the on-line Command-line Reference.
C:\ : The "C" prompt. This is where you enter Operating System COMMANDS via your keyboard. Your mouse has no control inside this window.

 GLOBAL IP vs. LOCAL IP (including port information):

 The DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name Server) and FREE DNS SETUP.
   This should come as no surprise, your DHCP GLOBAL IP will change from time to time. This can be a pain in the ass and it means you will have to assign and re-edit all the stream settings you have on your computer. If you followed the order from the index, you should understand a little about LOCAL and GLOBAL IP numbers and ports. If you did not review the IP TUTORIAL, I suggest you do...
   Let us move along...If you stream to one service, say, you will only have to change the IP listed for that stream on the QRZ BIO EDIT page. But if you are not a computer wizard, that may be a total fiasco. The QRZ BIO EDITOR is not very "novice" user firendly. It requires several entries to be changed and then you have to hope the EDIT function is available. But, if QRZ.COM is not your only stream server, you will have to do each and every one in a similar manner. You cannot edit into Cam Radio Info (XML) simply because I keep that file under secure control. Only two members can make those changes.
   So what is a good option?? You can use the FREE DNS options that DOMAIN NAME SERVERS are required to offer to the public. There are hundreds of these sites located all over the world, all one has to do is "I-search" for FREE DNS or FREE NO IP. You will see hundreds of sites listed. The real issue, not all are free and not all offer a secure DOMAIN NAME that you can select from a large listing. Click This is a stream page that runs 24/7. There is nothing exciting here but this...if the TCP/UDP streamport GLOBAL IP changes, the stream can be restored in a matter of seconds. This DDNS is a FREE DNS available at Note that there are other services, but this tutorial is based on using ChangeIP. Cam Radio endorses the use of this FREE DNS service. So lets set you up today...
   To start you must be on the website...the first step is to find the navigation bars located on the main page.
Navigation Bars Click on the "navigation bars".
Now you must find the "SUPPORT" link located under the "HELP" menu.
Help Menu Click on "SUPPORT"...the page will change and an account bar will appear above. Account
Next you will CLICK TO OPEN the ACCOUNT MENU and select "REGISTER".

Here you will create a new account

When complete, you must check the "agreement" box and "CLICK to CONTINUE"
Note: I suggest you use your email address (less the "@") as a "USERNAME" and select a "PASSWORD" which uses the registration date. (example: MY81216reg) Where "MY" are your initials (upper case) the registration date and "reg", use your call sign (lower case). Now save this password.
Upon completing the registration you will see your information like this:
Your email address will appear in the box below your name.
You will receive a welcome email from changeIP. If you do not, you did something wrong...

From this point you can update your details in the account manager. Now that you have an account, you can continue to create your FREE DDNS.
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ If you are registered skip the above ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Next step:
Same login as above:
Navigation Bars
Click on the navigation bars and CLICK the "support" link under the "HELP" menu...
When you are logged in, you see the next menu...
You must enter the DNS MANAGER. This menu is located on the HOME PORTAL page.
Under the "SERVICES" menu select DNS MANAGER.
In the DNS MANAGER PAGE you will see the ADD FREE DOMAIN dialogue below...

This is as simple as it looks. From the drop down menu selector (small down arrow) choose a domain extension (there are several to choose from). The default is "". You should choose one that best fits your profile (, youdon', and on and on). There are several choices, but the Cam Radio Info XML has a default DDNS.
Note: The Cam Radio Net default DDNS is
"". ( where member is your call sign.
Now, place your "call sign" in the box (bigdump) and click "ADD DOMAIN".
Note: this is where it gets must do as I instruct from here...
You will be required to take three basic steps to complete the transaction.

Click Checkout...

Click Checkout again...
You must CHECK the TERMS of SERVICE box and CLICK
"Complete Order".
Note: This is where most applicants "screw up", they forget to CHECK the BOX...that is bogus...the TERMS of SERVICE BOX must be checked.
You will receive a confirmation email!!!!
The above number will appear as soon as the account and the DOMAIN are registered.
If you do not see this dialogue:
   (a) Your computer mal-functioned.
   (b) You are infected with the "porn-o-mouse" virus.
   (c) Your transmitter is causing computer RFI.
   (d) All of the above.
Correct Answer: None of the screwed up the "checkout", go back and do it over!!!
If you have seen the dialogue and you have received the "welcome email", you are ready to continue.
From this point you will have to SETUP and CONFIGURE the DDNS.
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  DDNS domain setup and configuration ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Ok, you have a DDNS domain name and the IPchange account for HOSTING your stream...

Let us continue to properly configure the DNS:

   Take a minute...I am sitting here in my skivvies, sipping on a Mikes Hard Lemonade...I am trying to put myself in the same frame of mind as the novice computer user who is going to crash into all this IP address PORT, UDP and TCP mumbo-jumbo. I mean if you don't know what these "things" are, don't ask till you run into a problem. To make this simple just do what I tell you. Don't ask about anything you see...just do as I say!!
Navigation Bars
   You must go back into IPchange and login. If you have done so, find the "navigation bars" on the site main page. Click the BARS and then click on HELP and select SUPPORT in the "drop down" MENU. Now in the LOGIN dialogue, enter your USERNAME or EMAIL ADDRESS. Then enter your PASSWORD. Before you continue click on "remember me". The next time you LOGIN, your credentials should be entered automatically.
Now click LOGIN!!
   The "Support Tickets" page should be displayed. Pay no attention, unless you are directed too or there is an "open ticket" pending for your DDNS. You should not have any such "open tickets", after all there are no summons for "speeding" on the Internet. Sorry for the PUN, but you don't know how many people do not understand what a "support ticket" is...let's not get started on that!!
    In the UPPER RIGHT corner you should see the WELCOME BANNER.."Hello Bunky!", click on this MENU. This is where you do all that neat membership stuff. You "change passwords", "edit account details", like when you want to be a woman for a day, go here and type girly things into your "account manager". What I really want you to do is CLICK the SERVICES MENU.
The MENUS attached include My Services and "DNS Manager" (DNS = domain name server). You have setup a "name server" and now you are about to configure that server to deliver your stream to the "name host" you entered when you created the DDNS (DDNS = dynamic domain name service).
So...from here at this MENU, click on "DNS MANAGER"...please, and thank you for your obedience.
The drop down view from the "Services Menu"...
(see above banner) Click DNS Manager.
The next screen will be your DOMAIN NAME LIST. The DDNS you created should be listed here. If it ain't you screwed it up!!!

This is your DDNS list, and this is where you "double click" on the DDNS you wish to "EDIT" should have only one now, double click on it.
Yes, you can DELETE the DDNS from here, but I suggest, unless you do not use it...leave it alone and continue.

This is an abstract of what you should see, but pay no attention to colors. I want you to focus on two lines...Remember I told you "no stinkin' questions" just do what I tell you. There are three lines and six columns. You only edit in two of these columns.
Column 1: HOST is displayed as "@" (email), "ftp" (file transfer protocol) and "WWW" (world wild wazoo). No need to edit these ever!!
Column 2: The TYPE is "A", please do not edit.
Column 3: The VALUE is your present GLOBAL IP, you can verify this at the Cam Radio Website main page. If the VALUE is correct, do not edit. This is where you change the GLOBAL IP, and only if your IP has changed at your ISP or your ROUTER. It will not change anywhere else.
Column 4: TLL is set to "30", please do not edit.
Column 5: SET 1 is "NO" we will change these to "YES". The proceedure to edit these blocks is listed below.
Column 6: SET 2 is "NO", please do not edit.
We will concern ourselves with those columns highlighted in green...
Let us continue...

You should see this, however I have highlighted the TWO "global IP addresses" that are the most important for TCP/UDP Internet streaming (transmission). If you are not sure what the Global IP really is, I have a reference link for you. GLOBAL IP ADDRESSES
Now, if we need to change the IP, all we do is CLICK on the COLUMN under "Value" and change the IP to an updated one. This you will not do know.
I want you to CLICK on the Column "SET1" boxes for each line and simply "CHECK" the BOX.

For each SET1 column BOX you "CHECK" they will list as shown above. This is not as important as making sure what you see below is complete.
The "CHECKS" will display like this as you edit, but upon completion the listing will look like this:
Try to remember...your Global IP (VALUE COLUMN) will not be the number shown in these examples.

Note that the VALUE should all be your GLOBAL IP. The DNS TTL should be a minimum of 30. Do not play with these numbers unless you understand the functions of your DNS. There are references on the Internet to DNS TTL minimums TTL means "time to live". That is not important for your application here. The SET1 column should be "YES - YES - YES", however leaving FTP at "NO" is not going to make any difference for your application here. As I stated, do not edit SET2.
You must click SAVE (SAVE ONLY do not add a record).
Go back to your "DNS MANAGER" and be sure your configuration looks the same as above.
If this is correct, you should see your stream by typing your DDNS into any browser: http://www.(call sign) dot (the DDNS host) dot (extension) colon (port). EXAMPLE:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Port Forward ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 Port Forwarding your stream...
We are going to discuss the "general conception" of forwarding the stream port to the router and then to the Internat. We will explain how if gets there and what must be done to set up your Internet Router.

ModemFirst...the Internet, the "world wide wazoo". This is nothing more than a LOCAN AREA NETWORK (LAN) on steroids. I don't expect you to understand area networks, but if you have more than one computer in your home, these units should talk to each other. You can share files and peripherals on a local network. You can stream video from one room to another, and the security levels are endless.
The Internet is similar but in a controlled atmosphere sort of way. There is a couple of devices between the real
world Internet and your computer. One such device is the MODEM. The "modulator-demodulator" device is network hardware. The MODEM decodes the digital carrier waves and converts the signal into digital data that the computer can process. In the beginning this was done over the telephone lines. Today we do the same thing at higher rates of speed over cable and fiber-optic networks. We also use the MODEM in wireless applications.
The MODEM of today often comes with its own support hardware. That is it is built into a dedicated Internet Modem/Router device. The Router is exactly what it sounds "routes" the Internet traffic to your computer. It also "re-routes" your computer requests to the Internet. You click on " and the router passes the request through the firewall to your MODEM and out through your GLOBAL IP to your ISP (Internet Service Provider). From there is passes through a series of IP lookups until it finds the IP address of the website "Cam Radio Net". The IP address is significant in as much as it represents a server, anywhere on the planet, that serves a web page to the Internet.
While this is important to understand, you don't have to know how this happens, you only have to understand a few basic rules in order to serve a "video stream" from your computer to the WWW.
Before we is assumed that you have downloaded Webcam 5 XP or 7 PRO and have installed the program. You do not need a camera to test your ability to do this. See the DOWNLOAD INDEX on this website.
Rule must be capable of seeing the Internet on your computer. You need an active Internet connection. That means you also must have a compatible "Internet Browser" application tunning on your computer. If you can see you are half way there. Note, when you visit the website, your Global IP is posted there for you. That is important. That number is your address, your mail box and your delivery system to and from the "information super highway". In simple terms, if you are reading this...your computer is totally capable of streaming a live web-cam.
The Global IP is made up of a series of numbers, IPV4 is four series...IPV6 is six sets or series. The next level will be IPV8 (version 8).
   In the case of video stream software the program cares less about the IP version, but it does care about the proper sequence. What I am saying...port forwarding is based upon two addresses and a port. It requires two proocols to broadcast, TCP and UDP. The Webcam XP or 7 PRO versions both require a LOCAL STATIC IP address for the computer that will deliver the STREAM. This IP address is setup under the NETWORK PROPERTIES IPV4 settings. The PROPERTIES requires a manually set STATIC IP for the computer (
Note: Any number above  50 and below 255 will work fine. The number 150 is a middle range number and most all routers see that in the default TCP/UDP range.
You will need to display NETWORK PROPERTIES and CHANGE ADAPTER SETTINGS. Under the LOCAL AREA CONNECTION (Network) select PROPERTIES. In the list select "Internet Protocol Version IPV4". Highlight this selection and click PROPERTIES. You will see a window that displays IPconfigthe settings. Select "Use the following IP address". This is where you enter In the next set, enter and in the default gateway, enter your router/modem address (generally Now to test this change click "OK" and attempt ro access the Internet. If you do, all is correct. If you do not, go back in and change the "Default gateway" to and try again. Your modem/router address can be found by using a simple command at the C: prompt in a command line interface. Type ipconfig (cr) at the C:\ prompt and you get a return similar to the one here...the DEFAULT GATEWAY will be displayed. Enter this into your LOCAL IP configuration. Now click "OK" and test the Internet again. The Internet should work just fine.
   The Webcam application program also requires a GLOBAL IP or a HOST: DDNS. This number is given to you dynamically from your ISP. It does change from time to time so you must keep track by visiting this location when you question your Global IP. The sequence you see on the screen is your present GLOBAL IP. Webcam XP will forward the stream to this IP, but it will require a PORT ADDRESS. That is next...however before we go there, you have another option. You may also create a DDNS HOST NAME (DDNS short). The tutorial on this page helps you generate a HOST DDNS, but Cam Radio Net requires a default DDNS of "". Member is your CALL SIGN. So it looks like this "". You can send this address to anyone and they will see your stream (if it is running). This is the "code" you use to stream live from More on that later...
The PORT number is easy to deal with in Webcam XP, you will use 8080 for Cam Radio Net. This is the default PORT we setup for you in the Cam Radio XML file. The PORT 8080 is generally acceptable in all modern routers for both CAT5 and WIFI configurations. You will use port 8080 incoming and outgoing (BOTH) and you will set the router to "forward" TCP (transmission control protocol) and UDP (user datagram protocol) to the GLOBAL IP. The port is opened and closed by starting and closing the Webcam XP (7 PRO) application program. In other words when you "disable" your stream. you are closing the PORT 8080 in your router.
Now the who thing should look like this...
ggg As you can see the Web Server is NOT RUNNING. You must "click" on the "Activate" button and the Web Server will run.
In the IP ADDRESS/HOST DDNS box, you place your IP or the DDNS name we recommend. The WEB SERVER PORT box is where your PORT is determined. Please enter 8080 in that box.
Nothing else is required.
The default HTTP document is dynamically generated by the software. Unless you are a computer programmer, you will not adjust this box.
Remember, anytime you are going to make changes to the IP/HOST or the PORT, you must disable the stream (close the port down) I suggest you close the port if you do not plan to stream 24/7.
If you have this set properly, we can move to the hard part...accessing your router/modem to make the PORT FORWARD RULE.
The PORT FORWARD RULE. If you have ever setup a game machine for Internet use, you understand a little about PORT FORWARDING.


 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ USER TIPS WEBCAM XP ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
The default stream program we endorse is WEBCAM XP (or PRO 7).
When we first began, WEBCAM XP was the application that offerred the most bang for the buck. Webcam 5 is generally used because it is the FREE TO USE stream application that is easy to setup and simple to use. The original WEBCAM XP was available in a PRO version, and the price was $19.95. A few members took the plunge. Those members are now using Webcam Pro 7 and the license they bought back when, is still good today.
There is a full set of WEBCAM XP documentation available on this website. You can download it from here:
TIP 101: Changing the "Live Page Title".
Click on the OPTIONS MENU located on the side of the Webcam XP main window.
Click the "Overlay/Logo" TAB on the top bar.
Near mid screen you see two boxes that are tagged "Live Page Title"
These boxes can be edited to display whatever you wish...
In the TOP BOX enter your desired page name (theme). In the LOWER BOX enter "Brought to you by CAM RADIO NET"
Or anything you want...In this case, your stream will be displayed and linked via the CAM RADIO WEB PAGE and the TICKER window. If you are not on the TICKER your stream will not be available.



MEMBERS are encouraged to submit tutorials to W3GAS.